Hard ROC 2.0: Taiwan and Deterrence Through Protraction

In a new study, the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments proposes a new approach that would help Taiwan buttress deterrence and protract a conflict should deterrence fail.

Hard ROC 2.0 seeks to impede the People's Liberation Army’s (PLA’s) ability to achieve control of the airspace and maritime environment around Taiwan in the event of war, thereby buying time for Taiwan and the international community to act. It emphasizes virtual, rather than physical, attrition of hostile forces and novel operational approaches that draw inspiration from guerrilla warfare and place premiums on delay, resiliency, furtiveness, and deception.